Felecia戴维斯 assistant professor of architecture at the 斯塔克曼设计与计算中心, has been studying the aesthetics and tactility of design for years. 现在，她正在研究它的生产力.
Using emerging technologies, like photovoltaic stands, she’s imagining how fabric can do more. 从一个自动供电的紧急避难所, 婴儿连体衣的生物识别系统, fabric that’s smarter can improve lives the world over. Davis has made a career of working with other disciplines to rethink how everyday materials and structures can contribute to happier, 更健康的生活——她没有放慢脚步的迹象.
Felecia戴维斯 associate professor, Stuckeman School, College of Arts and Architecture
“到处都是纺织品, so if you have a fiber that can be weaved into just about anything, efficiency takes on another meaning because you have this growth of scale. 太阳能纤维可以集成到衣服中, 汽车装饰, 兑换的上衣, 家具, curtains—there are all of these uses that I saw for them.”
Davis has drawn on 手机买球app下载’s vast resources and expertise in fields ranging from energy and mineral engineering to electrical engineering and landscape architecture to form a collaborative, interdisciplinary team focused on developing a solar tent. The goal of the project is to develop a tent that is both functional in providing shelter but that can also capture enough energy through its solar fibers to power a cellphone.
Davis said the team’s solar tent will serve as a gateway to utilizing solar fabrics in other contexts.
“对我们来说，这不仅仅是一个帐篷，”她说. “It’s really a way of understanding how we can get this fiber into a fabric so it can be worn, 放入家具或用作遮蔽物.”
The fiber, which was discovered—almost by accident—by John Badding, professor of 化学, 物理, 材料科学与工程 手机买球app下载, 剃须刀薄, 就像一缕头发, 但它可以从四面八方收集能量, its flexibility makes it conducive to being weaved into fabric. The fiber’s utility as a strand-based solar cell was not lost on Davis, it fit perfectly in with her interest in computational textiles—fabrics that respond to commands through computer programming, 电子产品, 和传感器.
The researchers are now looking at how they can get the most energy out of the fabric while also understanding how machines can incorporate the fibers in such a way that solar fabrics might be produced in an industrial setting in the future.
The industrial component is especially important in Pennsylvania, where communities are seeking to re-invent themselves after a decades-long decline in manufacturing jobs. Davis said computational textiles offer the opportunity to find solutions to problems that will ultimately make life better, she believes Pennsylvania can play an important role as smart textiles evolve.
“宾夕法尼亚州拥有强大的纺织制造业基地, 我们的状态可以是这个转变的一部分,”戴维斯说. “手机买球app下载 has partnered with Drexel, Drexel will be a manufacturing center. We share industrial machines with them to produce the work here. 所以宾夕法尼亚州可以成为制造业和就业中心, these are jobs that are a combination of tech and traditional. It’s a way of revitalizing a traditional industry and bringing it into the 21st century.”
While solar fabrics show tremendous promise as a source of capturing and utilizing energy, smart fabrics in general have a wide range of potential real-world uses. 例如, Davis pointed to applications where computational textiles embedded with 电子产品 和传感器 can help to monitor an infant’s breathing, map an individual’s walking pattern to better understand their health, or track a patient’s vitals from the comfort of home rather than a hospital bed.
作为一个建筑师, Davis is especially in tune to the conceivable impact that computational textiles can have on the future of hospitals and the evolution of patient care. “If you can monitor a patient from home, they don’t have to be in a hospital,” Davis said.
“如果病人能够呆在家里, 那你就不需要这么大的医院了, your hospital can be conceived of in a completely different way.”
戴维斯是十大建筑师之一, 设计师, artists whose work will be featured in a Spring 2021 Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) exhibition that examines contemporary architecture in the context of how systemic racism has fostered violent histories of discrimination and injustice in the United States. 了解更多关于戴维斯的工作 宾州州立新闻(2021年2月10日).
斯塔克曼设计计算中心 is a multidisciplinary community of researchers exploring computation as a subject of creative and scholarly inquiry in design across scales and modes of engagement: from the territorial to the micro, 从理论到材料, 从应用到推测和批判. The center’s projects variously engage architectural robotics, 仿真和可视化, 游戏开发, 地理信息系统, 可持续发展, 和数字制造, as well as historical and theoretical aspects of computation in design.